Civil Engineering: Fields of Service

Seven Major Branches of Engineering

If you’ve ever been interested in the civil engineering field, there are plenty of opportunities to spread your wings; civil engineering presents a wide variety of opportunity because it encompasses so many disciplines.

If you’re not sure what field to specialize in, take a look at the seven major branches of engineering – and what they entail. From solving traffic problems to redeveloping urban areas to planning entire communities, it’s no surprise that the nation – and world – is full of opportunity for civil engineers.

Structural Engineering

If you’re a problem solver by nature, structural engineering will likely appeal to you; imagine designing buildings, homes and other structures with the ability to withstand wind, rain, excessive temperatures, weight and inclement weather.

That’s exactly what structural engineers are tasked with — and they don’t just stick with buildings and dwellings either. Structural engineers might design bridges and even amusement park rides to ensure safety and durability.

Geotechnical Engineering

Think about this; any project you take part in has one major source of support – the ground. And the ground is exactly where geotechnical engineers thrive. These professionals specialize in ensuring tunnels, foundations and offshore platforms are structurally sound.

This is no small task; it requires engineers to analyze soil and rocks in order to determine how a building or other structure will be supported from the ground up. Geotechnical engineers are also responsible for designing dams, embankments and retaining walls – all structures that are critically affected by geological elements.

Environmental Engineering

If you’re passionate about protecting the environment, you might not realize that becoming an engineer is the perfect way to do your part for the planet. Environmental engineers are absolutely crucial in our current world, as we continue to implement new technologies and methods to protect our natural resources.

It is the job of environmental engineers to create systems that destroy toxins, remove pollutants, reduce waste and remove contaminants from the air, water and ground.

Transportation Engineering

Talk about planes, trains and automobiles! Transportation engineers touch just about every method of travel – from designing systems for greater efficiency in airports to building the nation’s highways and railroads.

Transportation engineers have the difficult task of improving traffic control and designing and improving public transportation systems like subways, buses and light trails.

Water Resources Engineering

If there’s one thing that’s absolutely essential to the human existence, it’s water. That’s why the field of water resources engineering is so critical.

Water resources engineers work to improve the physical control of water – from preventing floods to improving community water supplies to protecting beaches and rivers. These engineers also help to design hydroelectric facilities like dams, locks and even water parks.

Construction Engineering

If you love the idea of turning dreams into reality, construction engineering may be where you find your niche. These professionals are in charge of taking designs and creating something from them.

This takes a good deal of knowledge and expertise in the fields of construction methods, equipment, financing, budgeting, planning and managing contractors.

Urban and Community Planning

Developing a community takes a village – of urban and community planners. This task requires extensive analysis of information to manage the development of parks and recreational areas, streets and walking paths, residential developments and all other aspects of community life.

This discipline requires excellent interpersonal skills, as urban and community planners need to work closely with professionals of all fields to build these communities.

Whatever your skill set or interests, there’s a field of civil engineering at which you’re likely to excel. If you love designing, problem solving or helping visions become realities, engineering will take you where you want to go.